Me And My Manipuri Things

50 Great Bishnupriya Manipuris (1920-1960)

Posted on: November 12, 2007

50 Great Bishnupriya Manipuris

Great Personalities who have made a difference to Bishnupriya Manipuri society in the fields of Arts, Music, Dance, Education, Literature, Religion, Social work etc and contributed a lot to Bishnupriya Manipuri culture and spirit. Let us have a look on profiles of those great personalities who make us feel proud to be a Bishnupriya Manipuri.

Part One (1920-1960)

Perhaps the most remembered idols among the Bishnupriya Manipuris are Late Gokulananda Gitiswami and Late Sri Bhubaneswar Sadhu Thakur. Gokulananda’s song immortalizing Mother Bishnupriya and Bhubaneswar Sadhu Thakur spiritual teachings played a pivotal part in defining Bishnupriya Manipuri gokulananda3.jpgculture, both in Bangladesh and India. The impact of this great wandering social reformer Gokulananda on the Bisnupriya Manipuries has been manifold. He traversed the whole of Bishnupriya-speaking region – singing with a missionary fervour of the ills of our society and their remedies He devoted his entire life to the serve the community, to improve the condition of our people and to keep pace with the progress of other communities. He dramatized the plight of our women against the comparative indolence of men. He came under lot of turbulence of the times and he appeared to have wider sympathies. Because of all these qualities of abhubaneswar_sadhuthakur1.jpg very high order, grateful people conferred on him the title “Gitiswami” along with a silver medallion, in a special session of Nikhil Bishnupriya Manipuri Mahasabha, in 1935. On the other hand, Sri Bhubaneswar Sadhu Thakur was a popular spiritual master who born at Baropoa, now renamed Bhubaneshwar Nagar, in Cachar. He taught a moral code of love, forgiveness, charity, contentment, inner peace, devotion to God and Guru through his teachings and songs. He saved the people from spiritual degeneration owing to abject poverty. They have learnt from him to live honestly and peaceably with what little they have. He established the temple Sri Radha Gavinda Jew Mandir popularly known as “Govindabari” at Nabadwip in West Bengal which is a veritable abode of peace for the devotees.

Late Sri Mohendra Kumar Singha (B.A., B.T.) of Silchar was a renowned social worker of Bishnupriya Manipuri community and also one of the few knowledgeable persons of his time. He was the pioneer in Bishnupriya Manipuri historical research. His historical work is compiled into three volumes of “Manipurer Prachin Itihas” which took him a vast amount of research works and findings. He edited ‘The Bishnupriya”, the month-piece of Mahasabha. In the third decade of 20th century, when a group of young and educated persons started publishing journals and literary magazines like, a wave of consciousness and nationalism sparked the society – the foremost among the young fellows was Late Sri Falguni Singha. Falguni was the editor of ‘Jagoran'(1925) and ‘Manipuri’ (1933). Beside literary activities he was a very good organizer. He worked in many ways to solve conflicts among Bishnupriyas and Meiteis. That time, other scholars like Late Sri Sena Singha, Late Krishna Kumar Singha and Sri Haridas Singha also contributed a lot in the field of historical research. Here we also remember with deep respect the social works done by Late Sri Tonubabu Singha Superintendent, Sri Manik Singha, Sri Kamini Singha, Advocate Sri Babuchand Singha, Sri Hemachandrajit Rajkumar and few others. Shaid Rajbabu Singha was a social worker, who sacrificed his life in 15th march 1933, when a rival group took away his life for what he is doing for the society.

In the field of dance, Guru Nileshwar Mukharjee from Bangladesh (of kamalganj Thana of undivided Sylhet district) and Guru senarik_rajkumar2.jpgSenarik Singha Rajkumar from Cachar district of Assam are well known to Manipuri society as with them the new department of Manipuri Dance was created in the Shantiniketon (Calcutta) in the early 30’s. In 1921, the poet Rabindranath Tagore encountered Manipuri dancing in Sylhet district, a Bishnupriya Manipuri enclave (Machimpur) that is now part of Bangladesh. Tagore was fascinated with a Ras performance and he consequently invited these two Gurus. That was an epoch making events in the history of Manipuri Dance and within a decade in crossed its regional as well national fields and became a reputed international style.

In the field of Arts, Literature and Music, the name of the eminent dramatist Leikhomsena Sinha from Singari near Silchar comes frist. Leikhomsena was the father of Guru Bipin Sinha, the great exponent of Manipuri dance. Leikhomsena singha was the author of the dramas entitled ‘Harishandra’, ‘Manipur Patan’ and ‘Khamba Thoibi’ and composer of many padavali songs. Madan Mohan Sharma of Sanicchara was one the four main writers of pre-50’s Bishnupriya Manipuri Literature. Madan Mohan Sharma was the author of a number of Kiratana-type works namely – ‘Balipinda’,’ Subal Milan’, ‘Tilottoma’, ‘Basak’, ‘Sudama Bipra’ etc. Amusena Singha of Cipersangan was also one the four main writers of early modern Bishnupriya Manipuri Literature.Amusena sinha wrote a number of Kirtana-type works based on Ramayana, namely – ‘Angada Raybar’, ‘Saktisel’, ‘Taranisen Badh’, ‘Nagapas’, ‘Mahiravan Badh’ etc.

The Mahasabha Review,1970
Souvenir of Word Conference 2003 by NBMM
Kothika Matek by Prof. Ranjit Singha, 1992
Loktak 10th issue, 2005
Nuwa Ela, 23rd year, 6th Issue, 2005

Late Sri Lalitmohan Singha, Tilakpur
Sri Nilmani Chatarjee, Ghoramara


24 Responses to "50 Great Bishnupriya Manipuris (1920-1960)"

Due to some technical difficulties regarding the RSS XML feed , I need to republish this post. I have restored all your comments.



very very nice attempt to show our gratefulness towards the persons who uplift our society., I apprichiate your effort.,anyways good lack.

I take heartly pleasure in writing a comment on this webpage.We should be aware of our fore fathers who have sacrificed their life for the community and its identity.This website is a bookmarking step.I do hope this site will bed delight as well as the food for thought for our younger generation.

Debashis Sinha

koto himpilelo guru,boli iya thais

Dear Ashim,
I am very much glad to know you.I am from Guwahati(Assam).Basically,I am from Patherkandi.Sice my school days I have been very much keen to explore our ethnic identity.As of here all the communities have there own historical facts inscribed in one or the other text books which are either found in the school,college or university level of study.I feel we are still in the crossroad of our identity,which is really hindering our progress.I have done my Graduation from Cotton College,Guwahati.During my college days I have often faced uncomfotable situations where I was required to give my identity as a Bishnupriya Manipuri boy,because the word ‘Manipuri’ implies the meities in general.This feeling of insecurity has always disturbed me.Consequently,I tried to do something for the welfare of our coomunity.With these passion in my mind,I decided to organise Freshmen social for the students of our community,studying in various colleges ang universities in Guwahati.I am glad to say that with the help of some like minded friends we organised the event for the forst time in 2001 at the Rotary Hall,Guwahati.But I was not contended.I wanted to organise the event at Cotton College,the premier institution of Norrth East India.Accordingly,by virtue of my contacts and with the then co-operation of the Principal of the College,I was successful in organising the event for the next four years at Cotton College.
In fact,I would like to say that please inform me about any progress or any happenings related to our community.


Sitangshu Sinha

Dear Sitangshu, that was so nice to learn about you and your deep concern about our identity issues. to me there is nothing to bothered as no human agency has got the right to encroach upon the birthright and racial culture of a community. Also the right of taking decision about the nomenclature of a linguistic depends upon the speakers themselves. yes, there was a political issue for which we suffured for years, but it is well establihsed fact that that our culture/tradition/language everything is rooted back in manipur,that is why even few years back, a Bisnupriya would identify himself not as “bishnupriya manipuri’,but as ‘Manipuri’. After a few years of India’s independence the term ‘manipuri’ has been chosen for ‘Meitei’ by Manipur Govt, as a large amount of bishnupriya population in manipur was merged with meiteis. But in pursuance of our tradition, we call ourselves and our language ‘Manipuri’ even now, we use the term ‘Bishnupriya’ to distinguish us from other ethnic tribes of manipur. hopefully for now the issue is solved in the highcourt and supremecourt. now we have a proud identity as bishnupriya manipuri.

Also I am very glad to learn about your social and cultural activities. I hope you will keep your efforts up. we are still a minority, so we as educated our duty should be to contribute something for our own community and people, otherwise our future generation will blame us. pls keep in touch with us and inform us about your ongoing events(if any) so that we can publish and share it among the netizens.

best wishes for you.


please continue to expand the list o great bms.

hi! it was a great pleasure for me 2 read this article. but not everybudy as lucky as im so im thinking to arrange one exibition in ths field to expose our great bishnupriyas to the common people of our locality when i’ll be back at home. and i’ll take info from this article.
for this thanks dude or just thanks, what ever may be but i really appreciate ur step and keep it up.

Hi .. its really nice to read this kind of article.. Keep it up.. Hope we will get to read more of this kind of quality article from ur side .
Best Of Luck!!

What is Bishnupriya Manipuri? Do you have any written evidence that you survive as a caste? Do you have any language of your own in particular? writing all nonsense will not prove that you have any tradition of your own ok…so stop writing all these stupid things

@Natha Singha, are u really want to know what is Bishnupriya Manipuri? Go home and ask your mom. She was the one who got fkd by a Bishnupriya Manipuri.

This topic may be very interesting to both the Bishnupriya Manipuris and the Meiteis. What is more interesting is that of Ashim Singha’s “but it is well establihsed fact that that our culture/tradition/language everything is rooted back in manipur,that is why even few years back, a Bisnupriya would identify himself not as “bishnupriya manipuri’,but as ‘Manipuri’”. May be this is correct.
I have a firm believe that the very word “Manipuri or Manipur” itself is not much related to meitei or bishnupriya. Meitei or Bishnupriya might have existed long before the word “Manipuri or Manipur” come to exist. May be the very word “Manipuri or Manipur” came after the hindu missionary Shanti Das Gosai.

Hi Apollo, If you receive this pls contact Manish Pahuja at 09811055304.

Hi all,particularly my metei brethren!

See,we r not here to fight against each other.Nobody is born with asking the Almighty to belong to one or the other community.Some scraps mentioned above have hurt my sentiments.Plz dont use slang words.We live in the 21st century where globalization is the need of the hour.I have many Metei friends and till date we have been sharing a very healthy relation.One should be tolerant to one another’s community and caste.Above all one should have respect for one other.Each community has some aspirations but it should not be attained burying others feelings.
All problems can be solved through mutual discussions in a proper way.Cmn guys ,be tolerant and patient.

This is very good to unit our society . We should recall our relatives, brothers and sister who went out of cast for making healthy society.
Truly speaking, nature changes everything. we should not forget our humanity.

Sushil Kr Sinha
Fetipath, Dullabcherra,

Dear Ashim I liked your Blog and want to add my Grand Fathers “Dakula” Band Singha & Maitai Singha who fight when partician of Bangladesh. Both the Dakulas fight with muslim in the mouth of Dullabcharra bridge ‘ Singla chara River’ and win the battle and thereby muslim could not capture Dullabcherra, other wise today the Singla would be one part of Bangladesh.

Sushil Sinha, Fetipath

The greatest and most beautiful in the universe is love. let us not talk on the communal line. Both have used the same word, so there must be some my childhood period i read in one of mutua bahadur book that there are many surnames common in both. So instead of fighting let us try to find out them and use as bridge of love.

i have been a volunteer for 2 years on social works and this is a very exciting job for me ,”‘

hi folks, comn let us think about and work for mankind. Ask the poorest of the citizen of this country about his community, i bet you he wouldn’t be able to answer, but give him a bread he would jump for it. We shouldn’t be fighting for the tag manipuri but a community for human being, where culture, civilization prevails more than anything else


You ought to really moderate the commentary listed here

Very shortly this web site will be famous among all blog visitors, due to
it’s fastidious posts

Excellent, a brief description about Bishnupriya Manipuri.
Just I request you to please write something about the spiritual guru Pudarikasma from Assam.
Thanks a lot.

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